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Egils Levits

The President of Latvia

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The President of Latvia, Egils Levits, is a Latvian lawyer and political scientist. Mr. Levits was the first Minister of Justice after full restoration of the Constitution, the first Ambassador of Latvia to Germany after restoration of the country, the first Latvian judge at the European Court of Human Rights (1995 - 2004), and the first Latvian judge at the European Court of Justice.

He is a co-author of many significant draft laws (including the Law on the Constitutional Court of Latvia, Administrative Procedure Law, Law on the Structure of the Cabinet of Ministers, etc.). Mr. Levits is also the author of the Preamble or Introduction to the Constitution adopted in 2014. Mr. Levits actively participated in the restoration of Latvia in 1989-1991. He was a Member of the Council of the Latvian People’s Front and the Congress of Citizens. He is an author of the concept of the Declaration on the Restoration of Independence of Latvia of 4 May 1990.

He chaired the Commission of the Constitutional Law of the President of Latvia (2007- 2013) and was a judge at the European Court of Justice (2004 - 2019).

Author of many scientific publications on issues regarding state law, administrative law, human rights, and democracy. Mr. Levits has provided many opinions on various legal and political issues to the Latvian Parliament (Saeima), the Cabinet of Ministers, various ministries, the Constitutional Court, other courts, public authorities, the institutions of the European Union, and international institutions. He publishes regularly on development challenges in Latvia.

Mr. Levits has been the Ambassador of Latvia to Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Switzerland, as well as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Justice, and Member of Parliament.